Ketogenic diet and Intermittent fasting

This may be the only, or at least one of those talks that you need to realize that there is a way to get to a ripe old age without all the troubles of regular old age.

I have done some intermittent fasting on a regular basis and I really really like the results. Eat your last meal of the day at 5 or 6 and skip anything till the next day lunch.

Except for drinks, Coffee is fine, as is tea, or even some stock (chicken or other)


What Causes Heart Attacks

Originally published in the Townsend Letter, May 2014; Used with permission.

human heart with heart pulse graphic backgroundIn this article, Dr. Cowan lays out the case that a spectrum of heart disease that includes on angina, unstable angina and myocardial infarction (heart attack) is better understood from the perspective of events happening in the myocardium (heart) as opposed to events in the coronary arteries (the arteries that supply the heart).

As we all know, the conventional view of the cause of heart disease is that the central events occur in the arteries. In this article, Dr. Cowan will go into more detail about why the conventional theory is largely misleading, and then he will describe the precise and well-documented events that do lead to heart attacks.                                                                  And it is not what you think ..                                                                                                        Read the full article:                           


No Support for New Dietary Guidelines in 1977 and 1983

Original research article
Evidence from randomised controlled trials did not support the introduction of dietary fat guidelines in 1977 and 1983: a systematic review and meta-analysis


  1. Zoë Harcombe1,
  2. Julien S Baker1,
  3. Stephen Mark Cooper2,
  4. Bruce Davies3,
  5. Nicholas Sculthorpe1,
  6. James J DiNicolantonio4 and
  7. Fergal Grace1

Author affiliations


Objectives National dietary guidelines were introduced in 1977 and 1983, by the US and UK governments, respectively, with the ambition of reducing coronary heart disease (CHD) by reducing fat intake. To date, no analysis of the evidence base for these recommendations has been undertaken. The present study examines the evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) available to the US and UK regulatory committees at their respective points of implementation.

Methods A systematic review and meta-analysis were undertaken of RCTs, published prior to 1983, which examined the relationship between dietary fat, serum cholesterol and the development of CHD.

Results 2467 males participated in six dietary trials: five secondary prevention studies and one including healthy participants. There were 370 deaths from all-cause mortality in the intervention and control groups. The risk ratio (RR) from meta-analysis was 0.996 (95% CI 0.865 to 1.147). There were 207 and 216 deaths from CHD in the intervention and control groups, respectively. The RR was 0.989 (95% CI 0.784 to 1.247). There were no differences in all-cause mortality and non-significant differences in CHD mortality, resulting from the dietary interventions. The reductions in mean serum cholesterol levels were significantly higher in the intervention groups; this did not result in significant differences in CHD or all-cause mortality. Government dietary fat recommendations were untested in any trial prior to being introduced.

Conclusions Dietary recommendations were introduced for 220 million US and 56 million UK citizens by 1983, in the absence of supporting evidence from RCTs.

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:

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What is already known about this subject?

  • Dietary recommendations were introduced in the US (1977) and in the UK (1983) to (1) reduce overall fat consumption to 30% of total energy intake and (2) reduce saturated fat consumption to 10% of total energy intake.

What does this study add?

  • No randomised controlled trial (RCT) had tested government dietary fat recommendations before their introduction. Recommendations were made for 276 million people following secondary studies of 2467 males, which reported identical all-cause mortality. RCT evidence did not support the introduction of dietary fat guidelines.

How might this impact on clinical practice?

  • Clinicians may be more questioning of dietary guidelines, less accepting of low-fat advice (concomitantly high carbohydrate) and more engaged in nutritional discussions about the role of food in health.

This Farm Of The Future Uses No Soil And 95% Less Water…

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As urban populations continue to rise, innovators are looking beyond traditional farming as a way to feed everyone while having less impact on our land and water resources. Vertical farming is one solution that’s been implemented around the world.

Vertical farms produce crops in stacked layers, often in controlled environments such as those built by AeroFarms in Newark, New Jersey. AeroFarms grows a variety of leafy salad greens using a process called “aeroponics,” which relies on air and mist.

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AeroFarms claims it uses 95% less water than a traditional farm thanks to its specially designed root misting system. And it is now building out a new 70,000 square foot facility in a former steel mill. Once completed, it’s expected to grow 2 million pounds of greens per year, making it the largest indoor vertical farm in the world.


Your Heart is not a Pump

Interview with Thomas Cowan.

Joe Mercola: Heart disease, one of the most common problems in the United States, and
we’re wasting tens of billion dollars on ineffective procedures. Why? Hi. This is
Dr. Mercola helping you take control of your health, and today, we are joined by
Dr. Thomas Cowan, who is a founding board member of the Weston Price
Foundation. He’s been on the broadcast here a few times previously, but we’ve
got some exciting information now that was just published and released,
showing the ineffectiveness of stents, which is a surgical procedure used to
remediate the damages from coronary artery disease at the cost of tens of
billions of dollars a year in the United States alone, and they don’t work.
Welcome, and thank you for joining us.
Thomas Cowan: Thank you, Joe. Thank you for having me again.
Joe Mercola: Why don’t we elaborate on some of the new findings and then expand on some of the better alternatives, because you are still practicing and regularly
implement many of them.
Thomas Cowan: Yeah. Well, if I could, because I actually did my homework a little bit this time …
Joe Mercola: Yeah. Oh, great.
Thomas Cowan: Right. It might be good to put this recent Lancet stent study in context.
Joe Mercola: Sure. That’s always a good start. Why don’t we begin there.
Thomas Cowan: The context is when you’re talking about heart disease, there’s a number of different parameters or ways of evaluating it that are crucial. For instance, if you have somebody with heart disease, and you do some sort of intervention, it’s
nice to know if the person will live longer because of your intervention. That’s
certainly one way of assessing. There’s another way, which is to say, “Will this
person be more or less likely to have a heart attack because of this
intervention?” That’s also an important thing to know. Then, there’s another
way, which is, “Is this person, who presumably, their main complaint in the first
place was they were having chest pain, sometimes shortness of breath,
sometimes other symptoms like … but does it alleviate the, particularly the
chest pain, otherwise known as angina that they’re having?”
There’s probably more, but those are the three biggies. The important thing to
note about this study was that what’s called PCI, or percutaneous interventions,
which is another word for saying inserting a catheter into somebody’s coronary
arteries and doing something to unblock these arteries. This has been studied
for many years, because it’s been going on for many years. I would actually like
to read something from a New England Journal of Medicine 2004 study, which
was called The COURAGE Study, and this is a direct quote from that article,
which says, “In summary, our trial compared optimal medical therapy alone or
in combination with PCI,” which means stents, “as an additional management
strategy in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Although the addition

of PCI to optimal medical therapy reduced the prevalence of angina, it did not
reduce long-term rates of death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nor
hospitalization for acute coronary syndrome.”
That’s, of course, a mouthful, but what it means is the state of the literature
before this current Lancet study was that doing stents or other interventions,
which actually includes bypasses, has never been shown to help people live
longer or to prevent further heart attacks. They have been shown to be of aid in
people who are having an acute MI, but in anything but that indication, the
state of the art, or the state of the science was that they don’t help people live
longer, and they don’t prevent further heart attacks. But as this study says, they
say that the indication was for relieving angina. That was the state of where we
were at 13 years ago. It was actually not appropriate and possibly even not
allowed to tell somebody we were doing a bypass or stent so that you would
live longer or not have a heart attack. You could tell them that you could do it
because you’re having chest pain, and this will relieve your chest pain.
But the interesting thing about it, as you know, is there was never a double
blind study assessing whether, in fact, it did relieve angina, because this was
always considered to be unethical, but somehow, and I don’t know the history
of how this came about, but this group of interventional cardiologists in England
somehow got it through their review board that they could actually take these
patients and do stents on them, who are having stable angina, which is where at
least 90% of the stents are done, for exactly these kind of people, but that in
half of the group, and as matched as they could, they did a control, which meant
they put the catheter in, took the catheter out without doing a stent, told the
patients they fixed their blockage, and then saw what happened as far as chest
pain and exercise tolerance. In a way, to a lot of people’s surprise, but not mine
and probably not yours, what they found was there was no different in the
chest pain, the angina, in the people who had the stent procedure versus those
who didn’t have the stent procedure, which means that the final indication for
doing a stent, which is to relieve angina, is no longer valid. It’s hard to come up
with what the indication is at this point, except in the rare instance of an acute
Joe Mercola: Just to put an additional perspective on this, this is a very common surgical
procedure, to the point that it’s done a million times every year in the United
States alone.
Thomas Cowan: Right.
Joe Mercola: You might have a better idea on the cost of it, but my guess is it’s at least
10,000, probably even closer to $50,000 to put one of those puppies in, or
multiple of them.
Thomas Cowan: Yeah. I don’t know what the cost is, but I don’t think it’s anywhere near 10,000, at least not in San Francisco. You can’t even walk into the emergency room for
less than a few thousand.
Joe Mercola: Basically, if it was $1,000, that would be a billion dollars in cost, and you know it’s more than that. It’s probably over … It could be, potentially, hundreds of
billions of dollars a year, …
Joe Mercola: ... and that’s just the cost. The real tragedy from my perspective is that, you
know, this is one of the most common causes of diseases in the United States,
and the conventional medical approach is to use these stents or angioplasties,
which, probably, are just as equally insignificantly effective, and that’s their
primary issue. But no, their primary component is . . . . . . , which is
a whole other discussion that we’re not really going to go into …we could touch on it, but they’re giving ineffective therapies, and there’s so many simple ones that really do work and that basically pose no risk or harm to the patient.
Thomas Cowan: Right, and you know what … To me, what was so interesting about this, because obviously, there’s the Lancet study, which stands on its own, but then The New
York Times ran, I don’t know if it was the front page article, but a prominent
article with the headline that stents are useless. Then, it was picked up by The
Atlantic magazine, which did a whole piece on this. In The Atlantic, what was
one of the most interesting and I would say provocative quotes that I’ve literally
ever heard from a standard cardiologist, and this was from a woman, Dr.
Mandrola, … I think she was from UCSF. She lives in my backyard. Again, I
wonder if you could permit me to read her quote, because …
Joe Mercola: Sure.
Thomas Cowan: … I think it summarizes exactly what you’re talking about. This is a quote, I found it in The Atlantic magazine, of a cardiologist who was interviewed by The
Atlantic to comment on this study. The quote is, quote, “This study will begin to
change the mindset of cardiologists and patients that focal blockages need to be
fixed.” Focal blockages are these blocked arteries that they put the stents in.
Quote, “Instead, these findings help doctors and patients understand that
coronary artery disease is a diffuse systemic disease. A focal blockage is just one
manifestation of a larger disease.” End quote.
Now, the thing that was so shocking to me about that is … Like you, Joe, I’ve
been in medicine for three and a half decades, or I’m not sure how long you
have, and I’ve obviously written about heart disease and have had a lot of
patients with heart disease and have talked on the phone with a lot of
cardiologists and have a lot of patients who have a cardiologist. This is literally
the first time I’ve ever heard a cardiologist admit that there is a diffuse focal
disease here of which blocked arteries is only one of the manifestations of. That
is such a heretical position. I’ve never heard a cardiologist say that. They say,
“You have blocked arteries. That’s your problem. We’re going to unblock your
arteries.” To suggest that what they have is a systemic disease changes
everything. I can’t emphasize that enough. This is not a blocked artery disease. A
blocked artery is a, may or not be significant symptom in this disease.
The question that I would actually ask every listener of this … I don’t know what
day it’s run, but if it’s run on Sunday, and you listen on Sunday, on Monday
morning, I would actually hope that people call their cardiologist or go to their
cardiologist and say, “I wonder what diffuse systemic disease that this is a
manifestation of.” I mean, that’s the question. “I’ve heard that there’s a
cardiologist who’s saying that this blocked artery is only one manifestation,”
which then, of course, is a perfect explanation of why stents don’t work. They’re
not the disease. They’re just one of the symptoms of the disease. “If that’s the
case, then what’s my disease?”
Now, I would be very interested to hear the answer. I think what the answer is
going to be is, “You have high cholesterol. That’s your disease.”
Joe Mercola: Yeah.
Thomas Cowan: Now                                                                                                         Joe Mercola: Or SDS. SDS, statin deficiency syndrome.
Thomas Cowan: Right. Right, but what you’re … The systemic disease that they’re referring to is apparently high cholesterol. Now, I don’t want to bore your audience or you, but I actually looked up four papers in JAMA, three were in Lancet, showing that
life expectancy tends to increase as cholesterol goes up, and that there is no
relationship between high cholesterol and death, or from coronary artery
disease or all cause mortality. There is none. This has been studied over and
over again. The answer to what their diffuse systemic disease is not high
cholesterol, in which case, I don’t know what their answer is. In a sense, that’s
why I wrote the book, because … I know that you and I are largely in agreement
to what diffuse systemic disease we’re actually talking about here.
Joe Mercola: Mm-hmm (affirmative).
Thomas Cowan: If you want, I can go over the components of that, of which there are many.

Joe Mercola: No. Why don’t you mention the book first?
Thomas Cowan: I wrote a book called Human Heart, Cosmic Heart, and it’s basically about exploring, amongst other things, it’s exploring why people have heart attacks
and why people die of heart disease, because the biggest study that I’ve ever
seen on the incidence is only 41% of the people who have a heart attack have a
blocked artery to that part of their heart, and of those, 50% of the blockages
come after the heart attack, not before, which means that at least 80% of heart
attacks are actually not associated with blocked arteries. In other words, like
this cardiologist says, there is some reason why people are dying of heart
attacks. I’m, of course, not saying they’re not dying of heart attacks, but the
blocked artery is only one symptom, one aspect of that disease. It’s not a
disease, as she points out.
Joe Mercola: Absolutely. Why don’t you expand on your perception of what the underlying true foundational cause that’s leading to this epidemic of heart disease that we have?
Thomas Cowan: It’s obviously complicated or complex, and there’s a number of manifestations, but the three most important things that I point out in my book is … Number one, and this was the conclusion of the pathologist Baraldi, is that at least 90%
of the people who have a heart attack have an autonomic nervous system
imbalance. Specifically, they have a suppressed parasympathetic nervous
system tone, which is caused by a number of things, including chronic stress,
poor sleep, high blood pressure, diabetes, i.e. high sugar, low fat type of diet,
smoking. Lots of things cause decreased parasympathetic tone. This has been
identified mostly because of heart rate variability testing, which interestingly
shows specifically low parasympathetic tone, not necessarily high sympathetic
tone. One would think those are the same, but actually, they’re not.
Now, conventional cardiologist is certainly aware of the role of the autonomic
nervous system, which is why standard cardiology care includes beta blockers,
which are blocking the sympathetic nervous system, but again, the actual
research on this does not show high sympathetic activity, chronically. It shows
low parasympathetic activity chronically. I would admit they’re similar, but
they’re not the same. What’s dangerous to people’s health is this chronic stress,
chronic sleep deprivation, high carbohydrate diet, low mitochondrial function.
All the things that you talk about in your book, that leads to low sympathetic
tone. Then, in the face of a sympathetic stressor, then you have a heart attack.
It’s not the same to say it’s a sympathetic overactivity, which is why I think we
could do a lot better than blocking the sympathetic nervous system.
That’s one reason. A second reason, and for this, people who are interested in
this should go to a website called, and under the
frequently asked questions, there’s a section called Riddle’s Solution. You’ll see
what the actual blood flow to the myocardium, to the heart muscle looks like.
We’re sort of told, not directly, but implicitly that all the blood flow to the heart
muscle comes through these three coronary arteries, although interesting, some
people say there’s two, and some people say there’s four. I’m not sure exactly
how many there are. It depends which ones you call the main ones or branches,
but whatever. There’s two to four major coronary arteries. All the blood comes
through that. If you get a blockage in one of those, you die of a heart attack.
That’s the standard line.
The reality is, as I like to put it, nature is not so stupid to put all its eggs in two,
three, or four baskets. Instead of just these two or three big rivers, so to speak,
it puts multitude of tributaries so that the blood supply to the heart is a network
of capillaries, not just these central rivers. Essentially, if you have a blockage in
one of the major arteries, your body does its own bypass. It sprouts new blood
vessels. It perfectly capable of bringing the blood to the other, to whatever area
of the heart it needs, and as long as your capillary network is intact, you will be
protected from having a heart attack.
Now, that brings the question, why does somebody not have a healthy, robust
microcirculation or capillary network? The answer to that is pretty
straightforward. I mean, obviously, there’s many answers. Like, we know that
cigarette smoking or nicotine poisoning, if you would, has a corrosive effect on
the microcirculation, so that’s obviously one answer. Another answer, which I
think is dear to your heart, is people who eat a high sugar, low fat diet, who end
up with prediabetes or diabetes, who have chronic inflammation, that is a wellknown
influence, negative influence on your microcirculation. We know that
overt diabetes actually corrodes and destroys your microcirculation, your
capillary network. That’s a predominant reason. We have millions and millions
of people living on high carbohydrate diets, low fat diets, which has a
inflammatory effect on their microcirculation. There are other reasons, too, but
those are probably the big ones.
The other thing, I think, again, which is probably dear to your hear, is … So to
speak, dear to your heart. … is the way you get a robust microcirculation is
through exercise. If you never exercise, your body doesn’t have to try to bring
more blood flow to the myocardium, and your microcirculation will deteriorate.
Human beings are not meant to not move their body ever in their whole life.
That’s just a, not a good strategy, so the more you                                                    Joe Mercola: Well, well. An expansion, though. Let me just interrupt for a moment. It’s not just exercise, because that’s the mistake I made, just, working out every day for
an hour for, you know, 40, 50 years, and that’s not it. I mean, you need some of
that, but you need continuous movement throughout the day, non-exercise.
The combination is what really provides optimum health in that area.
Thomas Cowan: Yes. Yeah, and you can get into the splitting … Getting into the details, and that’s obviously crucial as to how to move and when to move and all this, but
my point is movement and staying strong is a strategy for improving the
microcirculation. Again, conventional cardiology is aware of this issue. That’s
why they use Plavix and aspirin, essentially to keep the microcirculation intact,
so that’s another one.
The third area, which I highlight particularly in my book, which cardiology is not
aware of, is, and again, it’s something that I think you’ve written about a lot, is
when you stop creating or making fuel in your mitochondria, and you do what’s
called a glycolytic shift, and you start fermenting fuel in the cytoplasm, you end
up creating lactic acid as a product of this fermentative metabolism. Whenever
lactic acid builds up in a tissue, say in your leg or in your heart, you get cramps
and pain. In your leg, we call it cramps and pain. In your heart, we call it angina.
That’s because of the lactic acid buildup in the tissue, which also restricts the
blood flow and makes the tissue more toxic. In your leg, you then stop moving.
Your heart can’t stop moving, so this anaerobic or, like, glycolytic fermentation
continues. The lactic acid continues to build up. That interferes with the ability
of the calcium to get into the muscle, which then makes the muscle unable to
contract, which is exactly what you see on a stress echo or a nuclear thallium
scan. You see a dyskinetic or an akinetic muscle, which means it doesn’t move,
because the calcium can’t get into the cells because the tissue has become too
acidic. Eventually, the acidosis continues, and that becomes the cause of
necrosis of the tissue, which is what we call a heart attack.
In my mind, it’s very clear the sequence of events that has to lead to a heart
attack. By the way, that explains this sort of dyskinetic area, or part of the heart
that’s not moving. That creates pressure and a sort of a sheer pressure in the
artery embedded in that part of the heart, which causes clots to break off there,
and that explains why you get clots forming after the heart attack, not before.
This acid, lactic acidosis buildup is one of the key events, without which you
won’t have angina, and you won’t have the progression to necrosis.
Those are the three, the autonomic nervous system, the microcirculation, and
lactic acid buildup. Luckily, as you say, there are safe, nontoxic, effective ways to
address each of those, either individually or together, and if we want, we can go
over what some of those are.
Joe Mercola: No. I think we need to, and let’s start with one of the ones that I’ve known
about for over 20 years, maybe 25 years. When I initially encountered it, I was
highly skeptical of it, and I thought, “It’s crazy. Why are they doing this?” This is
ECP, or external cardiac … or ECCP, external cardiac counterpulsation, where
you hook a patient up to a machine that essentially has these giant blood
pressure cuffs that are around your pelvis and upper legs and lower legs. You’re
hooked up to an EKG monitor, and the leads will allow the machine to contract
quite high, to quite high levels, when your heart is relaxing or in diastole.
It basically, it’s a passive form of exercise, which is just extraordinary and
probably one of the most profound ways to improve microcirculation that you
mentioned. It’s a way that you really can’t do with regular exercise. It’s just, it’s
sort of counterintuitive, but why don’t you talk about that, because I think this is
probably one of the most underutilized interventions for helping people recover
from cardiac disease and could literally. I mean, every one of those people who
had a stent, they needed ECP.
Thomas Cowan: Right.
Joe Mercola: That’s what they needed. They did not need that stent.
Thomas Cowan: The only thing I would correct you is it’s actually called EECP, and that might help people, because if they want to find a provider of this technique, they
should go to, that’s Eddie, Eddie, Cat, Paul .com. It stands for
enhanced external counterpulsation. Of these three, the EECP works on the
second one, which is the microcirculation, and it’s very simple and
straightforward. If you squeeze more blood up to the heart when the blood is
relaxed, i.e. in diastole, you will force the heart to make more microcirculation
or more … It has a so-called angiogenesis effect, so you will make the heart
sprout new blood vessels, and essentially, because of that, you will end up
bringing more blood to the heart where it’s needed, because the more
microcirculation, the more robust it is, the better blood flow to the heart. It’s
really as simple as that.
Just like you said, it’s like passive exercise. You squeeze really hard on your
lower extremities and your pelvis, push the blood up to the heart. You time it so
when the heart is relaxed. Sprouts new blood vessels. New blood vessels mean
more blood flow, and the blockage becomes irrelevant. This has been shown to
be curative, meaning it will stop people with angina for at least five to seven
years with one course of treatment. You do one course of treatment, which is
about seven weeks. It lasts for five to seven years, sometimes longer. No angina.
It’s Medicare approved. It’s paid for by insurance. It’s been studied in the
literature. Again, at least 80% effective for getting rid of patients’ angina, which,
by the way, was the last refuge of the reason for stents, which is now no longer
a refuge for, a reason for doing stents. But this, also …
Joe Mercola: Yeah. A stent …
Thomas Cowan: ... protects people from having heart attacks.
Joe Mercola: In addition to the mechanical effects that you mentioned, it also has hormonal benefits. I was at a presentation recently, a few weeks ago, from a cardiologist
who was using this in his practice and reviewed some studies that show that
people who are receiving the EECP would actually have decreased insulin
resistance, and they would tend to lose weight, and their blood sugar would be
under better control. I think that’s an artifact of the fact that it is a type of
exercise. Even though it’s passive, it’s still exercising your body.
Thomas Cowan: Yes. Right. I’m sure there is other reasons, and more blood flow is just overall better for your health so that everything will work better. It’s                                        Joe Mercola: It increases cardiac stem cells, too, which is intriguing.
Thomas Cowan: Yes. Yep. It’s simple, interesting, and effective, and as farJoe
Mercola: And relatively cheap.

Thomas Cowan: And relatively …
Joe Mercola: If you’ve had the … It’s cheaper than a stent, or certainly cheaper than a bypass.
Thomas Cowan: It’s cheaper than a stent by 10 times.
Joe Mercola: Yeah. Even if you had to pay for it yourself. I mean, if your life depends on it.
Thomas Cowan: Even if you have to pay for … Yeah.
Joe Mercola: It’s crazy.
Thomas Cowan: Yeah.
Joe Mercola: Anyway, I’m sorry for butting in there, but I just am such a passionate advocate for this technology. We’ll discuss the others, but maybe here’s a good time to
jump into the, one of the potential side effects or results of this type of study, if
it’s embraced and believed by the vast majority of the population, and that is
that most people or most physicians who are subspecialists and considering a
specialty to choose may not choose cardiology, because these stents and these
… are an intervention that they get highly rewarded for. If there’s not a financial
incentive for the people that go into cardiology, the cardiologists might start
dropping in significant numbers.
Thomas Cowan: Right. Well                                                                                                  Joe Mercola: You have some theories on that, so why don’t you give us your view
Thomas Cowan: Well, I mean, I don’t know. I think we’ll see what happens with that. I mean, one would hope that it’s just about the science and about what’s good for patients. I would hope that this creates a sea change, not just in doing stents, but … That’s
why I can’t emphasize enough, we have to see this as a diffuse systemic disease.
Unfortunately, again, as you know, the treatment with things like diet and
exercise and stress reduction and EECP is not nearly as lucrative, at least in the
short run, and I know that a lot of the hospitals, one of their main financial cash
cows, so to speak, is doing interventional cariology. If Medicare cuts them off or
the insurances cut them off, that will create a huge change even in the nature of
hospitalization and why people get hospitalized and what hospitals can actually
afford to do, so this is a huge change in a whole lot of things that go into what’s
happening with medicine these days.
All these things, how you live, how you sleep, who you love, how you love, who
you express gratitude, these are the causes of heart disease, but we also have
some aids if you get into some trouble and you need some help. It’s good to
have some aids, at least that’s apparently why there’s physicians in the first
place. Supposedly, we’re supposed to help people who are already having some
trouble, …
Joe Mercola: That’s right.
Thomas Cowan: … but I totally agree. People need to look at how we live our lives.
Joe Mercola: Yeah, and I just want to emphasize one point, which I came to a relatively recent appreciation of in that we know, and conventional medicine admits to the fact
that 50% of the population, that’s 50%, which is extraordinary, have diabetes or
prediabetes, but really, the fundamental cause of that is insulin resistance. If
you look at a more sophisticated and sensitive way to determine that, which is
insulin testing through a glucose tolerance test, and you measure the insulin
levels a few, at certain times after the glucose challenge, then you’ll find the
area under the curve, and you’ll determine and realize that upwards of 80% of
the population in this country has insulin resistance.
Thomas Cowan: Yes.
Joe Mercola: 80%, which is just extraordinary. To me, there’s a cure for this, and the cure is, I mean, a cure in the truest sense of the word, is … Obviously, it has to do with
diet, but it’s not so much what you eat. It’s when you eat. If you can work your
way up to the point where you are not eating for five days or more, even … If
you go longer, you’re going to need to be supervised, typically, but if you can
longer, for five days, and do that regularly in cycles, that is the most powerful
metabolic intervention I’ve ever encountered, and can really go a long way to
addressing the insulin resistance, which not only contributes to heart disease,
but cancer, of course diabetes, Alzheimer’s, and virtually almost all the chronic
diseases that we know of.
Thomas Cowan: Yes. I mean, I don’t know as much as you do about this. I, personally, am a huge fan, personally and professionally, of what’s called intermittent fasting of up to
18 hours, which I do, myself, three to six days a week.
Joe Mercola: But the next level, that’s …
Thomas Cowan: Yeah. There’s . . .                                                                                Joe Mercola: You’re going to get some benefit, because the real magic occurs at day three, after 72 hours. That’s when you massively upregulate autophagy, which is your
body’s ability to digest and remove senescent cells, and a senescent cell is a
derivative of the word senile, meaning aged, and it cannot reproduce anymore,
essentially just taking up space, clogging up your system, doing you absolutely
no good, just causing damage. Most people have lost the ability to effectively
clean that up and take out the garbage. That’s what fasting does, and in addition
to that, it increases stem cells, just like EECP, but it does it systemically, not just
in the heart.
Thomas Cowan: Yes. I’m all for it. I haven’t used that and tested that enough. I personally have gotten to the point of intermittent fasting and regular use of saunas as a
detoxification aid, and walking on sandy beaches and being out in the sun, and
sleeping the right amount. I’m sure there’s a next step, and I’m sure that’s
probably not the end of the steps for either one of us.
Joe Mercola: Yeah. I’ve just recently adopted … I’m doing monthly five day fasts, and I’m just started my third one as we’re recording this today.
Thomas Cowan: Oh.
Joe Mercola: I think it’s a powerful discipline and just massively useful for if you’re interested in optimizing your longevity, because these calorie. You know, there’s studies
that show calorie restriction is useful, but that’s almost impossible to get
compliance to. But essentially, you’re receiving the same benefits, because
you’re not eating for a few days, and if you do it like you’re doing, with this
intermittent fasting, you do that maybe even up to 20 hour fasting, you do that
for a month, then you can slide into a five day fast and have no hunger. I mean,
it’s not really even a challenge.
Thomas Cowan: Yeah. Again, I haven’t looked into that, but I have no doubt that you’re on to something here.
Joe Mercola: Yes, but it’s all about treating the cause and then really addressing the insanity, the absolute ludicrousness that conventional medicine has chosen to determine
how they’re treating these common causes of disease like heart disease. This
recent study in The Lancet with the stent study, I mean, I’m hoping it will
catalyze the removal of this system. Are you aware of a process that insurance
companies go through, because to me, it seems that’s the key. If they can stop
reimbursing for this procedure because there’s good clinical evidence that it
doesn’t work, then that’s going to, essentially, cut the legs out from under the
cardiologists who want to continue doing this procedure.
Thomas Cowan: Yeah. I mean, I have no insight, particularly, in to that whole world, but I do know that you’re right, that this is very much tied to funding. It’s also tied to
funding of hospitals, though, so this is going to have to be … I’m sure they’re
going to look at this very carefully to see what is sustainable and what’s
prudent, and maybe they’ll try to repeat the study and do it in a way to get a
different outcome, or … I don’t know what’s going to happen, but again, I would
like to just keep the focus on what this UCSF cardiologist said, no matter what
about stents or bypasses, the blocked arteries is not the disease.
This is a diffuse systemic disease, and every patient, every person who goes to a
cardiologist, I think, has the obligation and the right to know what, in your
opinion, is this diffuse systemic disease that we’re treating, because you have
your wonderful opinion about it. I have my three step opinion about what’s
going, which is very similar. I’m sure the Chinese medicine people have deficient

kidney chi or something, and these are all ways of describing the diffuse
systemic disease that’s underlying this. The problem is I’ve never heard any
cogent explanation in standard cardiology of what diffuse systemic disease they
think they’re treating besides high cholesterol, which turns out to be, like, a
complete red herring, as they say. That’s not the problem. People with higher
cholesterol live longer, so that’s not the problem.
Joe Mercola: There’ll be hundreds of thousands of people that are watching this interview, and a significant number of them will have themselves personally challenged
with a coronary blockage or heart disease or have relatives that have that issue,
so I’m wondering what you would recommend to those individuals outside from
making a phone call to their cardiologist’s office and asking them that, because
that, I mean, that’s a provocative question, but still, they need some basic steps.
What would your set of recommendations be?
Thomas Cowan: Well, my first one, even though I must admit it’s a bit self-serving, is to read my book, because …
Joe Mercola: Sure. That’s a good start.
Thomas Cowan: … that will give you a perspective on the history of coronary blockages and their relevance and another way of looking at it in a very simple, clearly defined
program that you can follow with your health care practitioner’s help and advice
that I think will make a significant impact on your life or the life of your loved
one suffering from heart disease. That includes looking into diet and includes
looking into movement. It includes looking into, you know, I say intermittent
fasting. They should look at your guidelines on five day fasting. It includes
looking into EECP. It includes going an website and finding out where
the place is in your area, asking your cardiologist or your primary care physician
for a referral so you don’t even have to pay for it. It includes, if you have overt
heart disease, I put people on strophanthus. I put people on emu oil because of
the vitamin K content. I have people do earthing or walking on the beach.
Preferably, I have them get out in the sun. I have them think about their
relationships and their connection with love and gratitude, all the things that I
think, in worst case scenario, will help your life. That’s the worst thing that can
happen if you do this. The best thing                                                                            Joe Mercola: They won’t kill you prematurely like statins.
Thomas Cowan: Well, yeah. I don’t know anybody who’s been killed by eating better quality food and walking on the beach. Almost everybody who does that says, “You know
what? I feel better.” Now, is that enough to fix their coronary artery disease or
their angina? Maybe not, but it’s a good start. If you throw in some beet powder
or fermented beet powder like you have, that’s another step. It is, I think, as
effective as nitrates for treating chest pain and helping with lowering your blood
Joe Mercola: Probably. You know what’s even better than beats, though, that’s a higher
Thomas Cowan: Arugula.
Joe Mercola: Arugula. Yeah. You got it, so fermented arugula powder, which I think we’re both coming out with.
Thomas Cowan: Actually, I was going to ask you if you wanted me to send you some arugula powder. I could send                                                                                         Joe Mercola: Oh, yeah. That is … I don’t know that … We’ll have to talk after the interviewer, but yeah, that is the best, is arugula.
Thomas Cowan: Yeah. We have a whole bed of it.
Joe Mercola: It’s significantly higher than beets.
Thomas Cowan: Yeah, and it makes great powder, too.
Joe Mercola: Yeah.
Thomas Cowan: That’s what I would do. Now, there are obviously other good writers on this. I don’t want to say I’m the only person who’s ever written anything of use. I’m
not such a big fan of the sort of vegan raw food approach to this. There’s
certainly some popular books, and I know that sometimes they get some
positive results, but I don’t think the long-term benefits are where we want to
go with this, so that’s not my approach.
Joe Mercola: Well, it’s certainly better than the standard American diet.
Thomas Cowan: Better than the standard …
Joe Mercola: Yeah. That’s not hard to beat, but yeah. It’s probably less than optimal.
Thomas Cowan: Less than optimal.
Joe Mercola: But you don’t need a lot of animal protein. That’s for sure. I mean, you can
easily overdo it, and most people do. We want to keep that high quality and
relatively low amounts of animal protein.
Thomas Cowan: Yeah, but I would definitely encourage people to eat good quality fats, and I’m pretty sure that you share that sentiment. There’s also a very interesting movie
about that by a British cardiologist called, and you can
download the movie. It’s really about how fat has never been the culprit, eating
fat, in causing heart disease. It’s always been sugar-related.

Joe Mercola: Yes, indeed, and it’s similar with salt. I mean, salt gets a lot of bad raps, too, …
Thomas Cowan: Yeah. You’re right.
Joe Mercola: … but it’s actually the wrong white powder. The pernicious white powder is
Thomas Cowan: Correct. Right, oh, and refined salt isn’t so good either, but Celtic sea salt or Himalayan salt is fine.
Joe Mercola: Sure. Yeah, absolutely. All right. Well, any other points you’d like to emphasize before we sign off?
Thomas Cowan: I don’t think so. I think we got the gist of it.
Joe Mercola: Well, great.
Thomas Cowan: Yeah. I just want to emphasize the systemic disease, not your arteries.
Joe Mercola: Yeah. We will definitely put a link to your book in there that people can access if they’re interested in more information, because there’s a lot of valuable
information in there.
Thomas Cowan: Great.
Joe Mercola: It also highlights an interesting concept that we didn’t discuss this interview but did in a previous one with respect to how the heart is not really function as a pump. It doesn’t work that way, …
Thomas Cowan: Right.
Joe Mercola: … which I think you explain really well in your book. It’s an interesting concept that’s not really well-articulated through even many of the natural medicine
circles. It’s a novel concept, so thank you for putting that out there.
Thomas Cowan: Yeah. Well, I could finish with a brief comment on that, because, again, on my Human Heart, Cosmic Heart website, there’s a bunch of articles on the heart is
not a pump, including an article by an anesthesiologist in Upstate New York. He
wrote a book called The Heart and Circulation: An Integrative Approach. His
book was endorsed by the head of cardiac anaesthesiology at Harvard Medical
School, who said that, “Branko Furst,” is his name, “is correct. There’s no way
the heart is a pump, and thinking the heart is a pump is the same as believing in
Newtonian physics. It’s an outdated concept.”
There was another website that I recently ran into. I’m not sure of the name of
it, but it had to do with ventricular muscular bands, and he said something very
interesting, because he’s a cardiac surgeon who dissected the heart and said,
just like the same conclusion that I came to, that the heart is a vortex creating
machine. But he said something very interesting, which I had not thought of,
which is when the heart gets sick, and it gets hypertrophied and dilated, in other
words, stretched out, it actually does start pumping at that point, and as soon as
the heart starts pumping, it’s in a death spiral, because it’s such an inefficient
pump that it starts using all the energy to keep pumping.
It essentially robs your body of the energy, which is what you see with people in
end stage congestive heart failure. They actually, they shrivel away. Their tissues
die, because they need so much energy to, quote, “pump” the blood in this
inefficient manner. That’s like the deep backup plan. “We’re going to die. We
better start pumping, because that’s our only option.” Once you’re in that,
you’re basically not got very long to live. It’s very interesting that this
fundamental concept, the heart is a pump, only happens when you’re about to
die, which was a very interesting comment on how we see medicine. We think
it’s normal for you to be in a state where you’re basically in a terminal decline,

Joe Mercola: Yes, indeed.
Thomas Cowan: … and there’s nothing normal about that.
Joe Mercola: Yes. Sad to say, but that is the way it is now, and you and I are both committed to helping change that paradigm, because it certainly is in radical need of a
revision to help focus on the natural underlying foundational causes of the
disease. Thank you for all you’re doing.
Thomas Cowan: Thanks again, Joe.
Joe Mercola: Again, your book is going to be great, and if you’re interested in more details, then that’s where to go. Great. Well, thank you again.
Thomas Cowan: Thank you, Joe

Intestinal Flora

Our intestinal flora . (Hopelessly incomplete primer) 🙂 .by Melchior Meijer 2013 Unauthorized translation


Healthy intestines provide permanent housing for a thousand billion bacteria. Joop microbe and his buddies enjoy room and board , but also pay a hefty rent . Therefore they make indispensable enzymes and vitamins. They put together every night a nice bolus for their landlord , so that in the morning the only thing he needs to do is sit down and enjoy the passing . They make short work of newcomers who want to demolish the house . And … they keep our immune system in check .                                                            Two kilos of livestock help you daily in the digestion of all the goodies that comes across your lips . Possibly it takes away your appetite for a moment , but it might still be nice to know that you would get nothing through your system anymore if that teeming horde on a bad day as a man would decide to head for the sewer . Not a bite your throat Luckily that happens only rarely . Our intestinal tract is too pleasant a place to voluntarily abandon. It is warm and humid , there is always something to tuck into , and contrary to what you might suspect from the number a trillion there no overcrowding in the least . The inside of our intestines covers thanks to the many creases and folds an entire football field. If all those trillion microbes would cozy crowd together, they fit well on the center spot .Like The Netherlands it seems . Together in Almere 🙂 . 

Spread over that ‘ football field’ live four hundred different species together as people in society . They make war over a Febo – croquette, inhaled by some ill informed loonies (this is a joke ) , closing a temporary alliance with a basically hostile crowd when they find out that they cannot handle the loot on their own to work it into a beautiful turd, they steal and conduct barter , kill each other after a job is done, in short, they’re all too human . 

Back to the Febo croquette or let us choose a paleo darling , a mixed salad with mussels and sardines . Without gut bacteria our intestinal wall might not at all be able to absorb many nutrients from the lunch fest. What would be a waste of money and also extremely awkward. Our digestive system would work its ass off, run into unsolvable problems all the time and what was initially such a warmly received delicacy would eventually be relieved, unused, as a pathetic puddle of diarrhea . The only thing that digestion without outside help can get is mother’s milk. Fortunately , our microscopic little friends assist us after every meal again and again. . Certain bacteria cut too large carbohydrate molecules to shreds , so that they can pass through the intestinal wall Other useful guys nibble the amino acids from the bile . Only then is the stuff in a position to cut fats into small , absorbable pieces Still other groups feast on what ultimately remains of the snack. As a thank you they shit , spit and sweat stuff which helps us further , such as folate , vitamin K , and perhaps even the “new” star in the sky , vitamin K2 . Oh yes, they are also generous with the gassy combination of carbon dioxide , hydrogen , sulfur and methane , which we may or may not consciously unload into our environment on average forty times a day . 

The collaboration between our body and its diverse inhabitants goes so far that they communicate with each other in an amazing way . Host Microbe Crosstalk , this phenomenon crucial for life, is called . Researchers already described in 1996 in Science beautifully how a ‘good’ bacteria colony wipes out an invading gang of , for the human body, dangerous competitors . The alarmed ‘ good guys ‘ report to certain cells in the intestine ( enterocytes ) and order some sugar . The intestinal cells do not hesitate and meet their request . They produce glucose . In exchange for this fine meal the members of the ‘good’ gang multiplyi like crazy and start as if on command to secrete a very specific poison . That kills the pathogenic invaders before they can harm the body. It is striking that intestinal cells “know” whether there is indeed danger. If the ‘good’ bacteria ‘just’ come begging for sugar the gut does not play ball (unless there’s WGA in the game , but that’s another story ) . The intestinal flora also is in a constant , insanely complicated communication with almost all parts of the immune system . And it even performs lengthy phone calls with brains , through the so-called gut -brain axis . 

The friemels in your stomach not only eat what your pot brings forth . They also eat you yourself. The intestinal mucosa renews itself continuously , similar to your skin that peels after a sunbath . An adult loses daily around two hundred grams of meat , as much as a reasonable steak. You can guess that our gourmets in there know how to deal with that . They give themselves over to a pigging out, stuffing their faces where Caligula would be sick to his stomach . Their heroic motto is ” eat steak and die .” After the feast , they create offspring and perish . That battlefield you can smell every morning . Feces consists for the most part of, with the Military William Order distinguished bacteria that have fallen for the Good Cause, and the sulfur-containing residues that they expelled just before their death throes . 

Isn’t biology fun 🙂 . Those waiting for Honig potato starch still have to continue scrolling down . 

In the cauldron of your stomach a constant battle takes place between beneficial and potentially pathogenic bacteria .Even the latter are needed , they just must not get the upper hand . The in the stomach pouch living Helicobacter pylori for example, can in large quantities cause an ulcer , but as long as the population remains within certain limits , it is only beneficial . In exchange for that nutrient-rich place in the stomach it produces a targeted antibiotic that eliminates bacteria that like to have us looking green and yellow hanging over the toilet within twenty minutes . 

Beneficial bacteria are naturally found in large quantities in the intestines of people who , like our ancestors, come into intense daily contact with the earth and the therein Soil Based Organisms ( SBO ‘s ) . Modern people have them too, but probably in much smaller quantities . And now we come at last , that is, bit by bit , at Honigs potato starch. These for metabolic flexibility necessary SBO are incredibly dependent upon carbohydrate compounds which amylase can not be break down and cut into individual glucose molecules, and of absolute necessity for a properly functioning immune system and a tip- glucose tolerance Such carbohydrate strands have (therefore ) no glycaemisch effect, but go unchanged into the intestine there to serve as a delicacy for those bacteria.

In the first place, there are so-called fructo- oligosaccharides such as inulin. These are plant ( fructo ) sugars ( saccharides ) with few ( oligo ) connections. Inulin (has nothing to do with the hormone insulin ) is naturally found in bananas, beans , chicory , onions , garlic , but also in unrefined sugar. Another non-digestible carbohydrate chain is called resistant starch . This show up in places like raw potatoes and very immature (fry) bananas. It is this kind of Resistant Starch what this post is ultimately about . Potato starch . Honig . 

People co – evolved with the bacteria in their environment and thus the bacteria in their gut . Anybody who has followed my communication with the lovely Anna Archeonova , knows that I consider strong glycemic starch as a potential pathogen. Hunter / gatherers probably ate very little glycemic starch. However resistant starch, in contrast, they were probably quite likely to get, even though the Honig family was not in business (as yet) . From paleontological research we find that our paleo -ancestors from the Low Countries in the time that the river delta between Rotterdam and Dover was not yet flooded, had more on their menu than mammoths, fish and shellfish . There were also cattail roots ( stinky cigars ) on their menu Cattail roots, but also other ancient roots and acorns and chestnuts, bursting with the RS . Our ancestors gave their menagerie behind the navel presumably -with in their low glycemic diet – also a relatively large RS . Today we generally eat relatively little RS . To make a long story a little shorter too, more and more studies and a swelling tide n = 1 suggest that even people who are already paleo can, along with their Paleo / LCHF often already improved intestinal flora, also benefit from a dose of RS . The best and easiest source of RS in the Netherlands? Bring on the music, blow the horns , light the fireworks , … Honig potato . 

By far the most outspoken proponents of potato starch are the American blogger Richard Nikoley , his buddy Tim Steele ( aka Tatertot ) and blogging pharmacologist Dr . B. G. (first name Grace ) . They and their readership have collected a fairly consistent range of effects . One teaspoon to one tablespoon ( Honig!) potato starch daily ,three times a day in cold water and drink it , and you may notice the following: 

Flatulence ( usually odorless , usually temporary ) 

Decreasing fasting blood sugars, and less high postprandial glucose excursions

Strongly damped appetite, falling blood pressure

Loss of excess body weight, Better , more even temper

Disappearance of pathological anxiety ( gut -brain axis ? )

Lively , often ‘ romantic’ dreams ( gut -brain axis ? )

Increased exercise tolerance

Spontaneously stop biting your nails ( nail biting may be a way to get inside SOBs ) .

Evolution of Myth

The Evolution of a Myth 
“Along with the unjustified and unscientific saturated fat and cholesterol scares of the past several decades has come the notion    that vegetarianism is a healthier dietary option for people. It seems as if every health expert and government health agency is urging people to eat fewer animal products and consume more vegetables, grains, fruits and legumes. Along with these exhortations have come assertions and studies supposedly proving that vegetarianism is healthier for people and that meat consumption is associated with sickness and death. Several authorities, however, have questioned these data, but their objections have been largely ignored.
As we shall see, many of the vegetarian claims cannot be substantiated and some are simply false and dangerous. There are   benefits to vegetarian diets for certain health conditions, and some people function better on less fat and protein, but, as a   practitioner who has dealt with several former vegetarians and vegans (total vegetarians), I know full well the dangerous effects           of a diet devoid of healthful animal products. It is my hope that all readers will more carefully evaluate their position on      vegetarianism after reading”   Stephen Byrnes, PhD, RNCP 
Some vegetarians have claimed that livestock require pasturage that could be used to farm grains to feed starving people in Third World countries. It is also claimed that feeding animals contributes to world hunger because livestock are eating foods that could      go to feed humans. The solution to world hunger, therefore, is for people to become vegetarians. These arguments are illogical and simplistic.
The first argument ignores the fact that about 2/3 of our Earth’s dry land is unsuitable for farming. It is primarily the open range,   desert and mountainous areas that provide food to grazing animals and that land is currently being put to good use .
Furthermore the argument that cattle are inefficient converters of energy conveniently glosses over the fact that cattle produce more than food, they also convert grass into manure and thus improve the soil instead of depleting, which is what cash cropping does.
That’s not to say we would approve of feedlots…. or pig factories….. or chicken or egg factories. 
With corporate hog factories replacing traditional hog farms, pigs are being treated more as inanimate tools of production than as living, feeling animals.  
You don’t want to know too much about how the pork chop came to be and how much animal cruelty was involved and the total environmental cost. You can find out more about factory farming by simply Googling.
Consider this:
Over 40% of all the antibiotics produced in the world are fed to animals, to increase their rate of growth and prevent bacterial diseases because of the terrible conditions under which they are raised and the wrong diet they are on..Cattle are free range foragers
Antibiotics given to animals can produce serious problems in humans. Over time they will destroy the “friendly” bacteria, which are needed by the body for our protection.
Female hormones fed to cattle are the culprits behind the increases in female disorders like severe hot flashes,painful menses, breast lumps and cancer of uterus and breast, not as so often is suggested the consumption of animal fat or saturated fats in general.
There is an argument that  meat is hazardous to our health because we humans have a relatively long digestive system.
Carnivorous creatures  have a short digestive system (approx.3 times the length of their body), to prevent the meat from rotting in the digestive tract and thus poisoning the bloodstream.
In humans on the other hand the digestive tract is twelve times the length of the body. The human anatomy of the digestive system does not appear to be well suited to a diet of red meats .According to some the meat rots before it is digested and expelled. I am not completely sure whether that is any different from the regular processes of break down and decomposing. 
This argument fails to note several human physiological features which clearly indicate a design for animal product consumption. 
First and foremost is our stomach’s production of hydrochloric acid(HCL), something not found in herbivores. HCL activates protein-splitting enzymes. Further, the human pancreas manufactures a full range of digestive enzymes to handle a wide variety of foods, both animal and vegetable.
While humans may have longer intestines than animal carnivores, they are not as long as herbivores; nor do we possess multiple stomachs like many herbivores, nor do we chew cud. Our physiology definitely indicates a mixed feeder, or an omnivore, much the same as our relatives, the mountain gorilla and chimpanzee (who have been observed eating small animals and, in some cases, other primates).
Physiologically we are Not Carnivores, but neither are we Herbivores!
In other words there is something to be said for a moderated approach. Recent research in the UK indicated that a complete vegan diet may not be something you want to depend on  Vegan followed over a seven year period showed a significant brain shrinkage. But there is more: “The ‘carnivore connection’ postulates a critical role for the quantity of dietary protein and carbohydrate and the change in the glycemic index of dietary carbohydrate in the evolution of insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia.
You can read all about it in the European Journal for Clinical Nutrition.
the New England Journal of Medicine reports on a six year analysis of more than 88,000 women. Those who ate animal fats were nearly  twice as likely to develop colon cancer. Women who ate meat as part of the main course every day were two and a half times as likely to develop the disease.
However many of the reseach done at the time quite often was strongly biased against a diet based on animal products. What this means is that they were designed to find cause and effect through mostly epidemiologial studies. Those kind of studies show that certain things happen concurrently, from which one can then only really draw one conclusion: that they happen at the same time. Overzealous researchers, often with their own agenda are eager to make causal connections which may not necessarily be there at all. Other variables not tested or questioned could and often do play a role of more or lesser importance. The simple fact that the diets contained other foodstuffs that may have constituted a variable of considerable influence , may not have been reported. A diet in refined carbs, gluten and wheat bran covered with lectins (a natural occurring toxin on wheat) is now known to be highly questionable, The meat cooked in polyunsaturated vegetable oils adds another questionable value.
Fact remains that our ancestors did quite well on a diet that heavily favoured meats and saturated fats and our present day health problems did not arrive on the scene until some major shifts had happened in the processing of our grains etc.
By now most people are aware of the detrimental effect of transfats in our diet.”Margarine was made out of animal fat before 1915. Hydrogenated vegetable shortening (Crisco) was introduced in 1911. Before that our intake of trans fat was very low, coming chiefly from dairy and meat (not the same as synthetic trans fats).Hydrogenated vegetable oil wasn’t widely eaten until 1920.During the 1930s the use of hydrogenation worldwide took a quantum leap forward, as production increased greatly.
Rizek et al. (1974) estimated that in the period from 1937 to 1972 per capita annual consumption of trans fatty acids increased by 81%, from 6.3-11.4 gm. During the same period per capita consumption of vegetable oils and fats increased by only 64% (from 36-59 gm).
Death from coronary heart disease was rare until 1925. It peaked in the 1950s, remaining high through the 1970s and diminishing only due to modern medical interventions. Coincidence? I don’t know, but I would consider it suspect.
In 1956, an American Heart Association (AHA) fund-raiser aired on all three major networks. The MC interviewed, among others, Irving Page and Jeremiah Stamler of the AHA, and researcher Ancel Keys. Panelists presented the lipid hypothesis as the cause of the heart disease epidemic and launched the Prudent Diet, one in which corn oil, margarine, chicken and cold cereal replaced butter, lard, beef and eggs. But the television campaign was not an unqualified success because one of the panelists, Dr. Dudley White, disputed his colleagues at the AHA. Dr. White noted that heart disease in the form of myocardial infarction was nonexistent in 1900 when egg consumption was three times what it was in 1956 and when corn oil was unavailable. When pressed to support the Prudent Diet, Dr. White replied: “See here, I began my practice as a cardiologist in 1921 and I never saw an MI ( myocardial infarction )patient until 1928. Back in the MI free days before 1920, the fats were butter and lard and I think that we would all benefit from the kind of diet that we had at a time when no one had ever heard the word corn oil.” 
You can read more about this at


Immune response and Inflammation

Is an immune response always an inflammation response?

Or is there an ‘immune’ response, or defense mechanism that does not trigger an army of T-cells to come out for combat. With usually the annoying accompanying symptoms.

For the prevention of systemic diseases, most pathogens that gain entry into our bodies must be met with an effective immune response, yet in the gastrointestinal tract it is equally important that commensal bacteria and a diverse collection of dietary proteins and peptides be recognized without eliciting an active immune response or constant activation of the inflammatory pathway. This phenomenon of hyporesponsiveness to food antigens is known as oral tolerance..” Prof. Dr. Aristo Voydani, Dr Tom O’Bryan, Dr G.H. Kellermann

Click to access Immediate%20and%20Delayed%20Hpersensitivty.pdf

If you’re even remotely interested in gluten sensitivity, this is a must read paper.

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English-Dutch Translations

For several translations of English research see

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